The archaeological site (multi layer settlement) of Vlashnje (Prizren)

Status

Type of Protection: Registered Date of Protection: 2002

Type of Protection: Under termporarly protection Date of Protection: 2011-2012

History

The archaeological site, respectively the multi layer settlement of Vlashnje, is located on a flat plateau of a raised rocky terrace (335 meters above the sea level), on the right side of Pristina-Zhur road, approximately 6 km west of Prizren. Continuity of life throughout several periods was evidenced at this site. Commencing from the early Neolithic (Starcevo Culture), Middle and Late Neolithic (Vinca Culture), Copper Age, Bronze Age, Iron Age, and Hellenistic Period and lasted all through the Late Antiquity and Early Medieval. The discovered archaeological materials at this site, mostly recorded during the season excavations carried out on the first part of the second millennium, revealed a certain amount of various fragments of clay pottery and fragmented vessels, stone tools, flint and bone tools, and other artifacts of either decorative or utilitarian material, coins. During the Late Antiquity, the settlement of Vlashnje known by the toponomy Gradishta of Vlashnje, was fortified with constructed walls, typical characteristic of the refortification era carried out by Byzantine emperor Justinian the Great. Furthermore, the fortified area included approximately 2 hectares and most likely was used as an observation point of the roman road segment known as the Via LissusNaissus (Lezha-Nis) that bypassed the Vlashnje settlement. Diverse fragments of painted with geometrical lines pottery have been unearthed, as well as flint knife of the Neolithic epoch, respectively Starcevo culture, sixth millennium BC. Different anthropomorphic figurines are discovered at the excavations carried out during the first decades of the second millennium (2002-2010), from which one distinguished human shaped figurine which is a typical Starcevo Culture of the early Neolithic period from the sixth millennium BC. Also Zoomorphic figurine discovered in Vlashnje, of Early Neolithic period, respectively, sixth millennium BC. A particular baked clay pot, with decoration, was discovered in Vlashnje, this of Late Neolithic period, typical for the Vinca Culture, third millennium BC. Different table vessels from the baked clay, of the Bronze age Period, were found at this site. Rock painting of Vlashnje, respectively, the locality known by the toponomy ‘Guva e Mrrizit’, is a rock shelter formed by the overhang of a cliff characteristic with the painted symbol of the spirals, represents an artistic-spiritual world of the prehistoric inhabitance of this site (cult place) the rock cave with this art is situated around 1, 5 km west from the Vlashnje archaeological site in the village of Kobaj. Among many findings of different historical period discovered in Vlashnje, is a specific silver coin minted in the year 55 BC. The coin weights 3.72 grams, and was exchanged in the honor of the Crete edile, the distinguished Gnaeus Plancius.

References

Unique number: 003440

Name: The archaeological site (multi layer settlement) of Vlashnje

Class: Archaeological Site

Institution: AIK

Location

Country: Kosovo

Municipality: Prizren

City/Village: Vlashnje

Locality: Vlashnje Gradishte

Postal Code:

Name of Street:

Functional type and dating

Type:Arkeologjike - ENG

Period: Neolithic

Century:

Supported by:

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The project for the development of this database has been implemented by the Swedish Foundation of Cultural Heritage without Borders CHwB.
© 2014 / The content expressed herein are responsibility of the Government of Kosovo ose the Ministry for Culture, Youth and Sports and do not necessarily reflect the views of the donors or CHwB.