Neolithic prehistoric site of Runik (Skenderaj)

Status

Type of Protection: Permanent protection Date of Protection: 02-338/81

Type of Protection: Under termporarly protection Date of Protection: 2011

Type of Protection: Under termporarly protection Date of Protection: 2012

History

The Neolithic site of Runik, is situated in the Municipality of Skenderaj, at the Runik village. The site is positioned at the Drenica plateau approximately 25 km southwest from Mitrovica and around 10 km northwest from Skenderaj, close to the road direction that connects Skenderaj with Istog. The Runik Neolithic site is one of the most prominent early new Stone Age sites discovered so far in Kosovo, typical for Starcevo Culture, respectively the sixth millennium BC, reflecting one of the most developed civilizations of this time. Furthermore, this archaeological site was investigated from 1966-68 and again in 1984. Archaeological researches’ through trial trenches were carried out in around 35 private parcels of the Dardania neighborhood of the Runik village. A vast movable material and fragments of pottery of the Neolithic date (6500-3500 BC) where collected and recorded here, evidencing the both Neolithic, respectively, Starcevo and Vinca cultures. Advanced researches were carried out at this site during March 2010; investigations with the character of surveys known as the prospection or geophysical recording with the aid of magnetometer were conducted in two parts of this archaeological area, that all together sum up to 10000 meters square. This open Neolithic settlement was characterized by traces of the remains of constructed huts which were reinforced with wooden corded joists, without floor levels. From the discovered movable archaeological material at this site, the most dominant are the fragments of monochrome pottery with red gloss; as well earthenware decorated with the barbotine and impresso technique, but also painted ceramic pottery with the linear and geometric motifs, too. Also, at this site anthropomorphic figurines and cult tables or small altars were unearthed. Among different dishes discovered in Runik, a baked clay vase draws the attention. The vase was tinted with ocher colors and painted with dark colors and decorated in the shape of spiral with the motive of palm of the hand. Amid the diverse discovered artifacts recorded at this representative Neolithic site, a unique artifact was found, presenting a rare and exclusive discovery not just for Kosovo, but for wider region, too. This particular modeled fine cleaned baked clay handcraft creation measures 8 cm in height, with finger holes on the axles and a mouthpiece on the highest ax. The ocarina is a Neolithic flute-like wind instrument and was named Runik Ocarina, the earliest prehistoric musical instrument ever recorded in Kosovo. The sounds and warm vibrations released by this instrument transmit vivid reflections of the wealthy spiritual and musical world of the Neolithic man of this region.

References

Unique number: 002944

Name: Neolithic prehistoric site of Runik

Class: Archaeological Site

Institution: AIK

Location

Country: Kosovo

Municipality: Skenderaj

City/Village: Runik

Locality: Dardania neighborhood in Runik

Postal Code: 40700

Name of Street: Nuk ka

Functional type and dating

Type:Arkeologjike - ENG

Period: Neolithic

Century:

Supported by:

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© 2014 / The content expressed herein are responsibility of the Government of Kosovo ose the Ministry for Culture, Youth and Sports and do not necessarily reflect the views of the donors or CHwB.