Archaeological site Vindenis ‘Polanicë’ (Podujevo)


Type of Protection: Permanent protection Date of Protection: 1985

Type of Protection: Under termporarly protection Date of Protection: 2011

Type of Protection: Under termporarly protection Date of Protection: 2012


The archaeological site of Vindenis is situated in the areal of the village Gllamnik near the river Llap in the municipality of Podujeva. The importance of this area that belongs to the Roman period (I-IV centuries) and the Late Antiquity (IV-VI) was proven in the case of archaeological excavations conducted during 1980-86. Although excavations were quite modest (a total of 534m2 were dug or only 2% of areal), they lit up traces of the Roman antiquity where it is worth mentioning the special discoveries as the Mosaic of Orpheus, a unique in the Balkans and beyond. The Mosaic of Orpheus in nowadays is in the National Museum of Belgrade and has not yet been returned to the parent museum, the Museum of Kosova From the most important findings in Vindenis it is worth to separate a sarcophagus completely processed from white marble (dim: 2.15 x 0.98 x 0.80 m) with two water stylized roofs with four Acroter in the axes and decorated with style fish scales. It is assumed that this sarcophagus with its lid weighs about 3 (three) tons. Vindenis is distinguished from other Roman archaeological sites discovered in Kosovo, especially at the funeral rites as with inhumation as well as with combustion or incarnation. Also these found numerous fragments of dishes, pots as well as glass containers and a considerable amount of Roman imperial coins of the period. Vindenis was one of the main road stations located in road way Via Lissus (Lezha)-Naissus (Nish), and this is witnessed by Greek geographer Ptolemy of the II century, as well as in the famous map Konrad Peuntinger. Previously it is thought that Vindenis, was an important road station linking primarily Ulpiana with Ad Fines-today the spa of Kursumlija, to continue in the direction of Naissus. From previous data, as well as from geo-physical recordings, we think that this location is extended to about 20 hectares surface. The team geo-physicians and archaeologists (Germans and Kosovar’s), during the implementation of geophysical measurements in the determined areal, managed to depict some genuine traces of structures of buildings constructed from materials of stone, bricks, tiles and mortar. Studies conducted with the magnetometer filmed numerous structures of diffrent facilities for housing but it is worth mentioning a particular subject with dimensions of 150 x 150 m and with wall thickness of about 5m, which beforehand indicates to us traces of a Roman Castrum military garrison.


Unique number: 002121

Name: Archaeological site Vindenis ‘Polanicë’

Class: Archaeological Site

Institution: AIK


Country: Kosovo

Municipality: Podujevo

City/Village: Glavnik

Locality: Vindenis (Polanicë)

Postal Code: 11000

Name of Street: Nuk ka

Functional type and dating

Type:Arkeologjike - ENG

Period: Roman

Century: 1st

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