The Mosque of Deçan (Peja)

Status

Type of Protection: Under termporarly protection Date of Protection: Tetor 2012

History

The Mosque of Deçan The Kosovo-Deçan with its region represents a treasury wealth of cultural and historical monuments in different period’s time which are distinguished by the variety, quality and their historical significance. Within this treasure of these materialistic and spiritual culture values is also the heritage from the Ottoman periods. Of these monuments, besides others we should mention mosques, masjids, tekkes, “hamams” baths, madrassas etc. These works of sacred, profane, public and education character as objects Islamic-Albanian culture, among other things, are the basis of the Albanian inheritance and for this, regardless of the current situation, they should be given a special attention, since they serve as a subject, material resource for studying the past of the Albanian people. Mentioned buildings represent a spirit and materialized ideas. They express the creativity level, technological-technical, architectural skills, historical, cultural, economic, social and religious circumstances, when they were built, they are an evidence of the historical rises and downfalls and an expression of the authenticity and quality of local artists The Islamic-Albanian monuments, we can say that they had double luck in destruction; Time was one of the factors, but this in a way coped, while planned destruction, on the time of the Serb occupation and especially during the realization of spatial planning, urban plans of Kosovo cities, that aimed at eradicating urban-architectural complexes and objects of special value and within this scope were also the classical monumental mosques of Albanian culture. This planned destruction culminated during the 1998-1999 war. Today, the mosque of Deçan, according to the information’s it was built in 1851 and has a great value in Kosovo, it is among the oldest and most famous Ottoman architecture monument. The building has a longitudinal rectangular base, covered with hipped roof and with minarets. The mosque belongs to Islamic-Albanian style. It is realized in technique that is identified with towers and just because of that it is incorporated with the old environment complex of Deçan. The facility was burned down during the last war of 1998/99 and the only remaining’s from the building were the construction walls and the minaret which was located on the left side of the facility, which is a characteristic for this object. This facility is an important monument in itself and the environment where it is. The facility during the restoration in 2003, took the earlier function and it is being used by the residents of Deçan, and today it is place where the religious activities take place for 5 prayers, and preaching are held in Albanian. Together with end of the mosque, the mosque congregation can receive approximately 300 religious believers. The mosque has a rich cemetery. In the vicinity of the mosque there are a big number of graves, and in these graves we have a number of inscriptions. The part after the mosque is dense with graves. Amongst these graves before entering the mosque there is six angled ablution place. The restoration intervention that was carried out in 2003, managed to restore the use of the facility for defined purposes. However, the mosque is not entirely completed; therefore efforts are made to fully complete the works in the and around the mosque of Deçan.

References

Unique number: 001539

Name: The Mosque of Deçan

Class: Monument

Institution: RCCH - Pejë

Location

Country: Kosovo

Municipality: Peja

City/Village: City-Village: Deçan

Locality:

Postal Code: 51000

Name of Street: Rruga "Mehmet Uka"pa.nr

Functional type and dating

Type:Arkitektuale - ENG

Period: Ottoman

Century: 19th

Supported by:

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The project for the development of this database has been implemented by the Swedish Foundation of Cultural Heritage without Borders CHwB.
© 2014 / The content expressed herein are responsibility of the Government of Kosovo ose the Ministry for Culture, Youth and Sports and do not necessarily reflect the views of the donors or CHwB.