Monastery of Moçar (Kamenice)

Status

Type of Protection: Permanent protection Date of Protection: 478/55

Type of Protection: Under termporarly protection Date of Protection: 2012-2014

History

The monastery of Mocar is located in the northeast of Kamenica, namely near the village Mocar. According to data this monastery was built in XIV century. The style of the building belongs to the Morava School, the style which results in third part of the fourteenth century, under the influence of Dushan churches, gift of St Archangel. It is assumed that the construction of the monastery is made on the basement of an older church dating from VI century, because this type of churches built in the V-VI century are encountered since the time of Justinian, but detailed investigations are needed to verify these assumptions. The church is shaped in the form of a cross, with a dome of the sanctuary over the central part, which no longer exists. In the central part, there are three apses in naos placed in the northern, eastern and southern wall. On the west of naos is located a square-shaped hall. Longitudinal sides of naos are separated by vertical columns, by two in total. The pillars are made from stone, they have square base and circular skid. Entry into the naos is made through the door on the western wall, from narthex. The monastery has the narthex on the western side of naos, which seems to be the construction of a later period. Narthex has a square plan with one opening in the southern wall. Building material is stone, lime mortar and bricks of different sizes, which served not only for decoration but also for building of walls, especially in arch shaping of openings and linking of beams. The exterior facade is treated with elaborated stones, mostly in the form of rectangle stones, and rarely of square stones, while in corners the stones are with shape of letter L. Noting carefully the stone connection of façade, it shows that when two stones are set to holder position, they are usually constrained with iron binding. The others are linked with lime mortar only. Such stones come with elaborated face, as well as the laterals of windows placed in the three apses of the church. Besides the stone walls, the decorative brick walls are also presented in the church. The most decorated wall is the outside west wall of the church. The shape of fish break bones is noted on it in two rows of makeshift side window with semi arch, and above that shape another decoration appears, but this time with different brick sizes. Naos’s longitudinal sides are separated by vertical columns, by two in total. While beginning of two circular walls is in the circumferential wall of western side, then continue relying on two vertical columns one after another to finish on the vertical columns that are lateral part of the eastern apse. Last columns are built with bricks only. Otherwise, the analogy tells us that the pillars have been linked with arches forming the crossbow. In the west of the church the remains of buildings are found, of which differ from the alcoves for food storage, food halls and libraries, while on the floor, the alcoves for sleep were found. In the north and south the remains of the guest house with vestibule are found. While on the eastern and southern side were alcoves for livestock and storage of their food, as barns and animal stalls. The construction of supporting facilities is built in prong way from the wall sides, while above it the wooden beams are set which are of between-floor structure. The type of roof of supporting facilities can not be identified because it is plagued. In the structure of complex there are two several floor towers. Atrium has a well in the center. In 2008 a recording of location was performed by a team of professional archaeologists from Macedonia. During this recording the underground channels are found, which were used for connection of the rooms. One channel, the one that connects the church with guest house facilities, has exit to the east apse. The channel is 1.5 meters high, while during its following, only one hammer and two stones were seen, which were crashed in certain parts, while the rest of the channel is intact. Channel passes under the naos of the church, and after leaving the naos it takes a 90 ° turn for leading to guest house.

References

Unique number: 000780

Name: Monastery of Moçar

Class: Monument

Institution: RCCH - Gjilan

Location

Country: Kosovo

Municipality: Kamenice

City/Village: City Moçar

Locality: Moçarë-(Kamenicë)

Postal Code: 62000

Name of Street: P.N.

Functional type and dating

Type:Arkitektuale - ENG

Period: Late Medieval

Century: 14th

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