Suzi Mosque (Prizren)

Status

Type of Protection: Inventorised Date of Protection: 26.03.2003

Type of Protection: Inventorised Date of Protection: 2002

Type of Protection: Under termporarly protection Date of Protection: 2011

Type of Protection: Under termporarly protection Date of Protection: 2012

History

Suzi Effendi is one of the oldest poets in these areas. His birth place or date is not known, but it is well known that for the best time of his life, he worked and lived in Prizren, where he also died around 1524-‘25. In the southern bank of Lumbardh, west of the Historical Centre of Prizren, he built a complex, consisting of a mosque, a school and library, a fountain, an irrigation channel, and a stone bridge. To his tribute, the whole neighbourhood was called “Suzi Quarters”. The name of Suzi is Muhammad-Effendi, son of Mahmud, son of Abdullah, while Suzi was a pseudonym, meaning “blazing”. At one time, Suzi was Kadi (judge), and later hired as a personal secretary to Gazi Ali-bey Mihalogllu, and took part in wars lead by him. He has written over 15.000 verses. He was also a teacher of the school he founded. Also, he enriched the library (first library in this area) with works of known authors. He died and was buried in the yard of the mosque, in its south-eastern area. The mosque was built in 1513, and is one of the oldest buildings of the Ottoman era. The mosque yard also has many graves, with richly ornamented tombstones, dating from 17-18-19th centuries. The mosque yard is located in the north-western part of the Suzi’s complex. It has a rectangular foundation, four-gutter roof with roof tiles. On its north-western part, there is a vestibule, built on eleven wood polls, and a three-gutter roof. Over the wooden polls, a decorated chapiter is found in a circular shape. The entrance is from the main road through the vestibule, raised on four stairs from the road level. The vestibule is open, and de-levelled on two sides, the ceiling and floors paved in planks. On the north-western façade, there is a gate carved in wood, and a niche marking the Myhrab. The minaret is found in the western part of the mosque. It is worked in stone, connected by lime plaster, plastered from the outside. Its foundation is rectangular, a circular structure, decorated in geometric motives. On the upper part, there is a gallery also decorated in geometric motives. The minaret is covered by a conic-shaped kulah (roof), covered in lead sheeting. The entry to the Minaret is from the vestibule, on the western side. On the inside, throughout the width of the facility over the main entrance, there is a Mahfil, standing over wooden polls, and fenced in wood. The Mihrab has a semi-circular foundation, and ornamented in the upper part with geometrical shapes, in a form of stalactites. To the right of the Mihrab, there is a Mimber, worked in wood, with rich geometrical shapes, where circules and stars are prevailing. The ceiling is octagonal, and covered in planks. The floor is paved in planks. The mosque is built in adobe, connected in lime plaster, and laid over a stone foundation. In the mosque yard, in its south-eastern part, Suzi Turbe is found, with marble tombstones, rich geometrical and floral ornaments, and inscriptions in Arabic. In 2011, this building was subject to Emergency Interventions, funded by the Ministry of Culture, Youth and Sports, including the full restoration of the vestibule.

References

Unique number: 000349

Name: Suzi Mosque

Class: Monument

Institution: RCCH - Prizren

Location

Country: Kosovo

Municipality: Prizren

City/Village: Prizren

Locality: Tabakhane

Postal Code: 20000

Name of Street: Suzi Çelebi

Functional type and dating

Type:Arkitektuale - ENG

Period: Ottoman

Century: 16th

Supported by:

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The project for the development of this database has been implemented by the Swedish Foundation of Cultural Heritage without Borders CHwB.
© 2014 / The content expressed herein are responsibility of the Government of Kosovo ose the Ministry for Culture, Youth and Sports and do not necessarily reflect the views of the donors or CHwB.