First archeological excavations were carried out in a tomb dating back to the Iron Ages, in village Neprebisht of Suharekë municipality. Kosovo's archeological collections were enriched through campaigns carried out with the purpose of getting acquainted with the archeological treasure of the country, after the establishment of Kosovo's National Museum in 1949. First archeological excavations were performed in 1951 at the Novobërdë Castle, only to continue soon after with many other expeditions. The establishment of Kosovo Archeological Institute in 2002 marked a new era for archeological research and for the enrichment of Kosovo's archeological collection. Kosovo archeological collection provides proof of the country's life, culture and economy in the past. Following are some of the most important findings:
Anthropomorphic figures (early Neolith, location: Vlashnje –Prizren), ocarina, musical instrument (early Neolith, location: Runik-Skenderaj), Anthropomorphic figures of "Goddess in the throne"(late Neolith, location: Barilevë, Fafos, Tjerrtore), decorative vases (Eneolith, location: Hisar-Suharekë), stone axe (early Bronze era, location: Ticë-Skenderaj), amber hanger (mid-Iron age, location: Banjë e Pejës-Pejë), funeral tombstone (location: in the vicinity of Kamenica Castle), Probe Medallion discovered in Ulpiana, bronze lamp discovered in Ulpiana, inscription plaque discovered in Ulpiana, a bust of a Dardan woman engraved in marble discovered in Kllokot, numerous tombstones, inscriptions, dishes, working tools, jewelry and other various decorations.
Note: Kosovo's Archeological and Ethnological Collection (676 archeological exhibition items and 571 ethnologic exhibition items) continues to be held in Serbia.