It is worth noting that the cultural heritage in the region of Gjilan, particularly architectural heritage, has suffered many damages from occupiers above all, but also from time and human hand as well. It is likely that the largest part of the millennia-old cultural heritage of this region is subterranean, the extraction of which requires significant investments. Another aspect is that the region of Gjilan has a small number of Kulla's which are predominantly located in the southeastern part of Kosovo.
Under the proposal of RCHC of Gjilan, which includes six municipalities – Gjilan, Vitia, Novobrdo, Kamenica, Kaçanik and Hani i Elezit – 174 monuments have been placed under temporary protection. 134 are architectural and 40 archeological sites, and are further specified as 66 sacral 86 profane, 17 utilitarian and 5 environmental.