Ruins the church Saint Varvara ( Saint Demetrius)- of Kmetoc (Gjilan)

Status

Type of Protection: Under termporarly protection Date of Protection: 2012

Type of Protection: Under termporarly protection Date of Protection: 01. 10. 2014

History

The church of Saint Demetrius, known as the church of Saint Varvara of Kmetoc, is located in the northeast of village Kmetoc, and dates as a 14th century church. Remains prove the existence of a monastery in the past. It is said that the monastery was initially dedicated to Saint Demetrius and later to Saint Barbara. The church contains an aisle, with naos and narthex. The narthex is located in the western part and leads to the naos. In the east of the facility there is an apse with a semi-circular shape on the inside and a tri-paged semi-circle on the outside. In the middle there is a small opening, whereas above it is a semi-arched opening, which seems to have been recently filled with stones. On the side of the apse are two cabinets on which the candles are lit. The altar stone is located by the apse. The section in which the quire stood is divided with the western section of the aisle through a transept, which gives the aisle the shape of a Latin cross. The aisle has a second transept as well. The first transept in the northern part has no support walls, but is rather directly connected to its façade, whereas in the south it borders with the support wall leading to the nave, with proportions 1.1meter x 0.85meter. Contrary to this, the second transept has both support walls, inside and outside of the nave. It can't be conclusively determined whether the transept was paced horizontally from the bottom, whether it was arch-shaped and ranging from the support basis or perimeter wall facade, the height of which is 3.00meters. Church walls comprise processed stones in the transept bearer, whereas the other side of the side walls was also plastered. The church facade is treated with processed stones and a special decoration of dual tiles. The interior of the church was ornate with frescos dating back to the 14th century; however, they don't exist any longer. Materials used in the construction of the church include cut stones, and lime varnish used as adhesive, whereas the horizontal bands range from key bricklaying points. In the yard of this church are new graves of the Serbian community of Kmetoc village. After the battle of Kosovo, in 1389, the church was severely damaged. The destruction of its entire layout occurred in the 18th century. Church stones were used for other social buildings and constructions; whereas one part of stones located in the vicinity of the church today shows that they were laid in walls without any mortar. In the 60s some parts of the church were preserved. The church is now in ruins and only serves for religious services on special days.

References

Unique number: 000061

Name: Ruins the church Saint Varvara ( Saint Demetrius)- of Kmetoc

Class: Monument

Institution: RCCH - Gjilan

Location

Country: Kosovo

Municipality: Gjilan

City/Village: Kmetoc

Locality: Kmetoc (Gjilan)

Postal Code: 60000

Name of Street:

Functional type and dating

Type:Arkitektuale - ENG

Period: Late Medieval

Century: 14th

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